You might be asking yourself, “Why are leaves green?” Well, there are several different reasons, but the most important one is chlorophyll, a molecule that gives plants their green color. Chlorophyll traps light and helps plants make food. The other reason plants are green is because chlorophyll is a powerful antioxidant that helps plant cells make food. This explains why leaves are green, and why sunlight is important to plants.
Chlorophyll is the substance that turns light energy into food for plants. The leaves have stomata to exchange carbon dioxide and oxygen. The leaves also provide the soil with important rotting matter, which can help reduce the need for methane gas and harmful chemical fertilizers. Because leaves are such a vital part of a plant’s life cycle, trees depend on them. Chlorophylls help plants convert light energy into sugar.
Chlorophyll is the main pigment in plants’ leaves. It is responsible for photosynthesis – the process of converting sunlight into food. Other pigments in plants are called anthocyanins and carotenes. These pigments absorb different wavelengths of light. Chlorophyll is responsible for green color, while other pigments absorb certain wavelengths. The green pigment also helps plants protect themselves from ultraviolet light.
Invertebrate herbivores can detect colors in the blue and red spectrum. However, they are blind to colors in the yellow to red range. As such, red leaves would appear dead and dark to these predators. They may have the same effect on the plants they consume. To understand these reasons, you may want to watch a video. The following information is a good start. If you want to learn more about the color of leaves, watch this video.