Where is the Pancreas Located?

where is the pancreas located

Where is the pancreas located? is a question asked by most of us. The organ is found in the middle of the upper stomach. It is made up of four main regions: head, tail, neck, and main body. Its name originates from Greek words meaning “flesh” and “whole”. The head drains into the superior mesenteric artery. Its neck and splenic vein are connected to the liver and gallbladder.

The pancreas is a part of the digestive system and contains two types of nerves: sensory neurons and effector neurons. The former function to sense pain. This means that diseases of the pancreas produce a great deal of pain. The latter function to regulate the secretions of the endocrine and exocrine pancreas. Both types of neurons regulate secretion.

The exocrine pancreas produces enzymes that break down food mixtures and secrete insulin and glucagon, which help regulate blood sugar levels. They also produce a hormone called glucagon, which lowers blood sugar levels when it is low and raises it when it is high. These hormones are produced in the pancreas and circulate throughout the body. In addition to these vital functions, the pancreas plays a major role in the metabolism of food.

The acinar cells of the pancreas manufacture digestive enzymes. The enzymes are packaged in zymogen granules and fused to the cell membrane at the top of the acinar cell. The enzymes are released into the pancreatic duct by a process called exocytosis. They are inactive until they reach the intestine, when their molecular structure changes. This process has been likened to pulling a pin from a grenade.