Where do hummingbirds live? You might be surprised to learn that they spend most of the year in south Florida and California. In the fall, most hummingbird species migrate to warmer latitudes and overwinter in places like Costa Rica and Mexico. During the winter, you may see a few of them in a suburban or urban garden. Regardless of where they live, if you see one, you’ll be delighted to see how much you’ve missed!
The rufous hummingbird migrates between the northern U.S. and southern Mexico. Their migration journeys coincide with flowering vegetation to find the right flowers. In addition to being visually stunning, hummingbirds gain weight to store fat for the long journey. Their plumage is not colored but it does reflect metallic hues. While male hummingbirds have the brightest colors, female hummingbirds have duller feathers and fewer spots than their male counterparts.
Hummingbirds require consistent food resources because they rely on the nectar-bearing flowers to survive. However, they also eat insects and tree sap for protein. They also need protein to feed their nestlings. They require about a half-ounce of protein each day to survive. A hummingbird’s diet varies depending on the species. During the breeding season, hummingbirds hover in mid-air and suck on insects.
Although hummingbirds are commonly associated with rural areas, urban populations are also home to some of the species. In cities, hummingbirds have been spotted in Central Park and San Francisco. However, their natural habitat is the open spaces around city parks. The birds prefer places where flowers and water features are plentiful and attractive. If you want to attract hummingbirds to your yard, make sure that you keep a feeder and a flower that provides nectar to hummingbirds.