What You Need to Know About Your Vagina


Did you know that your vagina contains nerve endings? These nerves stimulate sexual pleasure by penetration. Your vagina expands when you become aroused, making it lubricated, so that friction doesn’t hurt. During your monthly menstrual cycle, your uterus sheds its lining through the vagina. You can use tampons to keep the vagina clean. You can also use menstrual cups to manage blood flow.

Your vagina is covered in folds called rugae, which act as a barrier between the cervix and the rest of your body. These folds also allow the vagina to expand when pressure is applied to it. During childbirth, your baby can pass through the vagina as well. This is an important part of reproductive health. In fact, it makes pregnancy and childbirth possible. To better understand the vagina, consider the following:

The vagina has an internal ecosystem of bacteria, fungi, and other tiny organisms that naturally clean it. These organisms live in a delicate ecosystem, also known as the vaginal microbiome. While the balance between bacteria and fungi keeps your vagina free of infection, overgrowth of bacteria and fungi can lead to infection. Your healthcare provider can help you determine if your vagina is infected.

What is the average length of the vagina? It ranges from seven to twelve centimeters in length. Each body has its own unique vagina, which is largely affected by hormones. During your reproductive years, your vagina has more layers of tissue than it does during menopause. Your vagina also changes length when you are aroused. These changes can lead to vaginal pain and incontinence.