Causes of Sore Throat

why does my throat hurt

There are a variety of causes of sore throat, including viruses, allergies, and other underlying conditions. Although antibiotics are often prescribed, they don’t work for viral infections. Treatments for sore throat can include OTC pain relievers, gargling, and over-the-counter medications. A medical professional can prescribe a more powerful medication, such as an over-the-counter steroid, if necessary.

Viral infections are the most common cause of sore throats, though bacterial infections can be just as painful. Viral infections typically include chicken pox, whooping cough, and COVID-19. Bacterial infections are more serious and can affect your throat and even cause swollen lymph nodes in your neck. Some even cause sore throat, which can lead to a fever and headache. Your doctor may recommend treatment that involves a course of antibiotics.

The cause of sore throats varies, but a fever and visible swelling of the throat can indicate a more serious underlying illness. If your sore throat persists or becomes worse, you should see a doctor. Your physician will examine your throat and ask you questions about your symptoms. A swab may be necessary to determine the cause of the problem. Children should also be evaluated by a healthcare professional if they are experiencing fever.

Other causes of sore throat include seasonal allergies, a dry environment, and certain infections. Fortunately, many of these will go away without any treatment. If your throat is sore every day or just occasionally, it could be an indication of a more serious health issue. Your doctor can prescribe antibiotics or suggest a lifestyle change that will ease your symptoms. If the problem persists, consult with your primary care doctor for advice.